Effects of skin pressure applied by cuffs on resting salivary secretion.


The effects of pressure applied by cuffs to the abdomen, thighs and legs on resting salivary flow rate and digestive function of saliva were investigated in 9 healthy female students, aged 18 to 33 yrs (Experiment I) in a climatic chamber (Ta: 28 degrees C, RH: 50%). Each participant changed from street clothing into loose-fitting experimental garments so as to avoid any skin pressure on the body, and sat calmly in a reclining chair throughout the experimental period (195 min). After 90 min (FREE period), the physiological effects of skin pressure applied by their own clothing disappeared, and skin pressure was applied for the next 60 min to the abdomen (40 mmHg) and thighs (40 mmHg) then to the legs (60 mmHg) by the use of air-inflated cuffs (PRESSURE period). During the next 45 min, the skin pressure was again removed by letting the air of the cuffs out (FREE' period). The resting salivary flow rate was significantly suppressed while the skin pressure was applied by the cuffs. The digestive time for starch investigated in terms of the iodine starch reaction was longer with the skin pressure than without. The concentration of amylase measured in 20 female participants aged 21 to 23 yrs, decreased with skin pressure applied by the usage of the rubber tape (Experiment II). These results suggest that the pressure applied to the body can influence the digestive response by decreasing the amount of saliva via the autonomic nervous system.


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