Dental Plaque (Total 318347 Papers Found)

The porcine epidemic coronavirus (PEDV), tentatively classified as a coronavirus, was adapted to Vero cells and a plaque test developed for infectivity titration, allowing us to test the biological and biophysical properties of the virus. Growth kinetics showed peak titers of 10(5.5) plaque-forming units ml-1 15 h after infection. Filtration experiments and electron microscopy revealed a particle diameter between 100 and 200 nm. The buoyant density of the virus was 1.18. The particle lost its in ...
Desmosomes are composed of two morphologically and biochemically distinct domains, a cytoplasmic plaque and membrane core. We have initiated a study of the synthesis and assembly of these domains in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells to understand the mechanisms involved in the formation of desmosomes. Previously, we reported the kinetics of assembly of two components of the cytoplasmic plaque domain, Desmoplakin I/II (Pasdar, M., and W. J. Nelson. 1988. J. Cell Biol. 106:677-685 ...
OBJECTIVES We sought to describe the progression of coronary atherosclerotic plaque over time by computed tomography (CT) angiography stratified by plaque composition and its association with cardiovascular risk profiles. BACKGROUND Data on the progression of atherosclerosis stratified by plaque composition with the use of noninvasive assessment by CT are limited and hampered by high measurement variability. METHODS This analysis included patients who presented with acute chest pain to the e ...
UNLABELLED Conventional cardiovascular imaging is invaluable for the assessment of late sequelae of atherosclerosis, such as diminished perfusion reserve and luminal stenosis. Molecular imaging provides complementary information about plaque composition and ongoing biologic processes in the vessel wall, allowing the early diagnosis and risk stratification of patients. Detection of enhanced glucose uptake, using (18)F-FDG PET, has been proposed as a noninvasive approach to track macrophage activa ...
Clinicians often use risk factor-based calculators to estimate an individual's risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Non-invasive cardiovascular imaging, particularly coronary artery calcium (CAC) scoring and coronary CT angiography (CTA), allows for direct visualization of coronary atherosclerosis. Among patients without prior coronary artery disease, studies examining CAC and coronary CTA have consistently shown that the presence, extent and severity of coronary atherosclerosis provide ad ...
AIMS Failure of vein graft conduits due to vein graft thickening, accelerated atherosclerosis, and subsequent plaque rupture is applicable to 50% of all vein grafts within 10 years. New potential therapeutic targets to treat vein graft disease may be found in components of the innate immune system, such as mast cells and complement factors, which are known to be involved in atherosclerosis and plaque destabilization. Interestingly, mast cells can be activated by complement factor C5a and, theref ...
We have characterized plaque localization, the extent of compensatory artery enlargement, and the effect of heart rate in experimental atherosclerosis at the carotid bifurcation of the cynomolgus monkey. We altered heart rate by sino-atrial node ablation (SNA) and then fed the animals an atherogenic diet for 6 months. Heart rate was measured at four time points by 24-hour telemetry. Of nine animals with SNA, heart rate was reduced significantly in six (from 148 +/- 11 to 103 +/- 20 beats/min, p ...
BACKGROUND Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been associated with reduced risk for clinical events of atherosclerotic vascular diseases, but whether it is related to slower progression of early atherosclerosis is unclear. OBJECTIVE To study the association between cardiorespiratory fitness and the progression of early carotid atherosclerosis. DESIGN 4-year follow-up study. SETTING Eastem Finland. PARTICIPANTS Population-based sample of 854 men 42 to 60 years of age. MEASUREMENTS Maxim ...
PURPOSE To examine and compare different carotid stent designs with regard to flexibility, adaptability (adjustability), conformability (compliance) to the vessel, and scaffolding to reduce plaque prolapse and embolization. METHODS Six stents of different design were compared (Precise, Acculink, Protégé, Xact, Wallstent, and Cristallo Ideale). Optical microscopy was used to determine exact dimensions and scaffolding of each stent. Radial force was tested using a parallel plate setup, and fle ...
BACKGROUND Coronary CT angiography (CCTA) has become an important modality to evaluate the presence of coronary artery disease. Coronary artery stenosis of intermediate severity remains a therapeutic dilemma. Measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR) during coronary angiography is the most established technique to determine the hemodynamic severity of a coronary artery lesion. The aim of this study was to compare CCTA with FFR. METHODS In 56 coronary artery stenoses (42 patients) we perform ...
The effects of neonatal murine thymus grafts implanted in nude mice previously transplanted with three different human malignant tumours were studied. Reconstitution resulted in tumour rejection, which started 2-3 weeks after thymus implantation and was complete after 3-6 weeks. The rejection process showed a characteristic histologic picture with 3 phases, an early, an intermediate, and a late phase, which were similar in the 3 tumour types examined. Histological examination of lymphoid tissues ...
PURPOSE Recently, a new experimental battery-powered toothbrush was developed as a second generation to Crest SpinBrush. The brush head of this new prototype toothbrush (Crest SpinBrush Pro) incorporates a dual moving head design with one oscillating and the other translating back and forth. The objective of this study was to compare the plaque removal efficacy of a positive control manual toothbrush (Oral-B Cross Action) to this prototype power toothbrush following a repeated single use study d ...
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of black stains (BS) and factors associated with their occurrence and to investigate the association of BS with caries experience after adjusting for other risk indicators. A school-based, cross-sectional study using multistage sampling of children aged 10-12 years from 20 private and public schools in Pelotas/Southern Brazil was conducted (n = 706). Children were evaluated for BS and dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and socioeconomic information ...
Scattering from red blood cells (blood noise) increases significantly as the ultrasound frequency is increased above 10 MHz. This reduces the contrast between the vessel wall and the lumen in intravascular ultrasound imaging which makes it difficult to localize the vessel wall and plaque. A blood noise filter based on beam tilting and digital lateral low pass filtering is described. Beam tilting introduces a Doppler shift from blood which results in a frequency separation of the vessel wall sign ...
novel approach may be used as a tool to evaluate superficial coronary wall stress and its potential impact on future coronary events. Acute coronary events are frequently caused by plaque rupture or plaque erosion. The mechanisms involved imply mechanical forces that act upon superficial plaque layers. Analyses of the stress to the superficial coronary vessel wall may help understand the mechanisms involved and might ultimately allow assessing pharmacological approaches aimed at increasing the b ...
Atherosclerosis is the leading cause for cardiovascular mortality. We determined the effect of multi-antigenic construct expressing three peptides AHC (ApoB100, HSP60 and outer membrane protein of chlamydia pneumonia) in stabilizing advanced atherosclerosis in Apobtm2Sgy/Ldlrtm1Her/J mice. Atherosclerosis was induced by feeding high fat diet (HFD) to mice for 10 weeks, followed by five oral dosing with purified AHC or ovalbumin on alternate days and continued on HFD for another 10 weeks. Toleran ...
A clinical case of a middle-aged kidney transplanted woman is presented. The woman has been taking Cyclosporin-A for over 13 years and has had advanced periodontitis and severe gingival swellings and gingival inflammation. The kidney transplant patient was treated and followed up for approx. four years. The treatment protocol included very thorough mechanical scaling and root planing, oral hygienic instructions and the regular professional maintenance program resulted in complete remission of th ...
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the role of reduced lecithin: cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) function on atherogenesis using 3.0-T carotid magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and B-mode ultrasound. BACKGROUND The role of low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol as a causal factor in atherogenesis has recently been questioned. LCAT plays a key role in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol metabolism. METHODS Carotid 3.0-T MRI and B-mode ultrasound measurements were perform ...
The aim of this study was to determine the microbiological origin of plaque fluorescence observed during quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) analysis. Plaque was sampled from dentures, because of easy accessibility and the homogeneous background provided by the denture tooth during imaging, and the acknowledged comparability to occlusal plaque. Forty removable poly(methyl methacrylate) dentures were screened for the presence of fluorescent plaque deposits during QLF analysis. Dentures ...
BACKGROUND Dental caries has been strongly associated with mutans streptococci, particularly Streptococcus mutans and S. sobrinus. Many studies have linked these organisms to the carious process and counts of mutans streptococci have been used to monitor caries risk. The high levels of caries generally found in Iceland have enabled several studies to be performed on the variation within strains of S. mutans. METHODS This paper reports some studies showing phenotypic differences between strains ...
We present a previously undescribed case of ipsilateral Bado type II Monteggia fracture with volar lunate dislocation. The dislocation was reduced with repair of the volar capsule; ulna was plated and the comminuted radial head was excised. This case is reported for its rarity and its management. Complete diagnostic evaluation is imperative to avoid missed injuries and achieve satisfactory outcome. Les auteurs présentent un cas non décrit précédemment d’une fracture de Monteggia de type II ...
About 20-30% of patients with chronic plaque psoriasis have severe forms of the disease and require systemic treatment. The long-term use of conventional systemic therapies is limited by toxicity, and many patients are resistant to these treatments. New biological agents, such as efalizumab and infliximab, offer a more targeted approach than conventional therapies and are more suitable for long-term, continuous treatment. At our hospital, we started treating patients with efalizumab in 2003 as p ...
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine whether measurements of volatile sulfur compounds (VSCs) are useful to predict colonization of periodontopathic bacteria. For this purpose, we assessed the relationships among distributions of 4 species of periodontopathic bacteria in tongue coating and dental plaque, oral conditions including VSC concentration in mouth air, and smoking habit of periodontal healthy young subjects. METHODS The subjects were 108 young adults (mean age, 23.5±2.56 ...
Atherosclerotic plaque neovascularization was shown to be one of the strongest predictors of future cardiovascular events. Yet, the clinical tools for coronary wall microvasculature detection in vivo are lacking. Here we report an ultrasound pulse sequence capable of detecting microvasculature invisible in conventional intracoronary imaging. The method combines intravascular ultrasound with an ultrasound contrast agent, i.e., a suspension of microscopic vascular acoustic resonators that are smal ...
In routine coronary angiography, bifurcation lesion is not uncommon. Current practice of dealing with type 4a coronary bifurcation lesions (lesions of main branch without significant lesions of the side branch) may lead to true bifurcation lesions after stenting due to axial plaque redistribution. This series describes an experience with Greek technique for treatment of type 4a bifurcation lesions in 18 patients for primary stenting of main vessel with simultaneous kissing balloon of side branch ...
In vitro IgE secretion by atopic and normal peripheral-blood lymphocytes was examined in culture with pokeweed mitogen or Staphylococcus aureus strain Cowan-I (StaCw) or without mitogen. IgE secreted in culture supernatants was measured with double antibody radioimmunoassay. Enumeration of IgE-secreting cells was made by a protein-A plaque assay. IgE was detected in increasing quantities in supernatants of cultured lymphocytes without mitogen up to the 12th day. IgE-plaque-forming cells were for ...
A 70-year-old man with chest pain underwent coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. We immediately performed coronary thrombectomy with aspiration catheter and collected solid material as a result. After aspiration, we achieved thrombolysis in myocardial infarction trial (TIMI)-flow grade 3 without stenosis. Transesophageal echocardiography showed no intracardiac thrombus but pronounced mobile aortic plaque in ascending aorta. Transthoracic echocardiography showed moderate aortic ...
  • Ilka Ott,
  • Thrombosis and haemostasis
  • 2010
Vascular injury induces haemostasis with subsequent thrombus formation. Accumulating evidence indicates that activation of the tissue factor (TF) pathway may play an important role in the pathophysiology of intravascular thrombus formation following arterial injury. A variety of cell types like monocytes, smooth muscle cells, foam cells and endothelial cells express TF in atherosclerotic lesions (1). In the plaque, TF is also present on microparticles within the necrotic core that are derived fr ...
Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus antigenic subtypes and varieties are considered either epidemic/epizootic or enzootic. In addition to epidemiological differences between the epidemic and enzootic viruses, several in vitro and in vivo laboratory markers distinguishing the viruses have been identified, including differential plaque size, sensitivity to interferon (IFN), and virulence for guinea pigs. These observations have been shown to be useful predictors of natural, equine virulence ...
Triclosan has been incorporated into toothpaste to enhance inhibitory effects on bacterial metabolism in dental plaque. Many studies have confirmed these effects by showing a reduction of accumulation of dental plaque, gingivitis and calculus. However, there is no evidence for triclosan having an inhibitory effect on the dental plaque-induced demineralization of the dental hard tissues. Therefore, the effect of 0.3% triclosan added to non-fluoride and fluoride toothpaste was tested in an in vitr ...
AIMS This study aimed to compare the neointimal coverage (NIC), subclinical thrombus, color of plaque underneath the stent at 9-month after implantation of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) either with durable or with biodegradable polymer (BDPM). METHODS A total of 175 patients were assigned as Cypher (n = 81, 97 stents with durable polymer) and Excel (n = 94, 112 stents with BDPM) stent at 9-month after indexed procedure. NIC was classified from grade 0-3. Color of plaque was divided into white, ...
In an effort to enhance genetic interactions by eliminating spatial or physical barriers between variants of Sindbis virus, MgCl2 was used to aggregate infecting viral particles. Mixing viral samples in a 1:1 ratio with 0.5m MgCl2 produced maximal reduction in plaque forming units (PFU) with minimal cell damage due to MgCl2. Aggregate size was determined to be about 7 PFU. Samples taken at 3, 5 and 10 hours after infection with mixed aggregates composed of large and small plaque forming virus in ...
A single-blind crossover study was used to compare the ability of a 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthrinse (Corsodyl) with a sanguinarine-zinc mouthrinse (Veadent) to inhibit plaque and gingivitis. 14 volunteers starting with plaque-free mouths and optimal gingival health, rinsed with the preparations over two 19-day periods whilst refraining from all other oral hygiene procedures. At days 8, 15 and 19 of the trial, Corsodyl was significantly more effective at inhibiting both plaque and gingivitis. The f ...
The aim of this study was to establish oral carriage of Candida and possible factors associated to their virulence in young adults and their relation with local and general situations considered as predisposing factors. Samples were obtained from dorsum tongue in 70 students attending the Faculty of Dentistry (University of Buenos Aires) average age: 23, all in healthy oral conditions. Of these, 21.42% were Candida positive. These samples were seeded in CHROMagar. Candida identification was comp ...
OBJECTIVES To develop techniques which can be used to detect genetic material of measles virus from clinical samples to make diagnosis and differentiate atypical measles from other exanthematous infections early in clinical course. METHODS A nested reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was developed to amplify gene fragment with the size of 301 bps from N gene of measles virus in throat swabs and urine samples collected from infants and children who were suspected measles ca ...
The sensitivity of the subgingival plaque for amoxicillin, doxycycline, ofloxacin and clindamycin was estimated by agar diffusion disks and Etest in 22 periodontal patients. The sensitivity of the subgingival plaque varied per patient. Resistance of the subgingival plaque for amoxicillin was observed in 50% of the patients and was significantly related to the use of antibiotics in the previous 6 months. The resistance to clindamycin was 68% and to doxycycline 82%. The resistance of the subgingiv ...
West Nile virus (WNV) and tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) are among the medically important Flaviviruses that cause significant morbidity and mortality in humans. In this study, seroprevalence of WNV and TBEV in sera from two state medical hospitals from the southeastern part of Turkey was investigated. One hundred eighty-one serum samples were evaluated for WNV immunoglobulin G (IgG) by an indirect immunofluorescence test (IIFT) and for IgG antibodies against TBEV by a commercial enzyme-li ...
Cilostazol, a novel platelet aggregation inhibitor, inhibits intimal proliferation in animal models. We randomly assigned 41 patients with lesions suitable for directional coronary atherectomy to the cilostazol group (200 mg/day) or the aspirin (250 mg/day) group. Medication was started before directional coronary atherectomy and was continued to a 6-month follow-up. Serial quantitative coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound study were performed. Baseline characteristics were not diff ...
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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Polygonum aviculare L. has been used in traditional Korean medicine to treat obesity and symptoms associated with hypertension. The effectiveness or mechanism of Polygonum aviculare L. ethanol extract (PAE) on atherosclerosis disease has not been examined experimentally. This study investigated the protective effect of PAE in atherosclerotic mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS ApoE KO mice were fed a Western diet (WD) alone or with PAE or a statin for 12 weeks, followed ...
Periodontal diseases in children and adolescents comprise mainly of gingivitis. Gingivitis is an inflammation involving the gingival tissues next to the teeth. Marginal gingivitis is the most common form of periodontal disease and starts in early childhood. However, severe gingivitis is relatively uncommon in children, although a large population has a mild, reversible type of gingivitis. The major etiologic factors associated with gingivitis and more significantly periodontal diseases are uncal ...
This study evaluated retrospectively the association among occlusal, periodontal and implant-prosthetic parameters and marginal bone loss (MBL) around implants and survival rate at 5.7 ±3.2 years of follow-up after prosthetic loading. Eighty-two patients received 164 external hexagon implants. After the standard healing period (3 to 6 months), the implants were restored with single-tooth or up to three splinted crowns. All patients were followed according to a strict maintenance program with re ...
BACKGROUND Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in women is often technically limited by smaller access vessel anatomy, particularly at the femoral and iliac artery levels. Percutaneous femoral artery access and closure using the "Preclose" technique (PERC) is a less invasive alternative to open surgical femoral arterial exposure and has been reported to be technically feasible, particularly in male cohorts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and access-related outcomes of PER ...
With whole-body magnetic resonance angiography (WBMRA), it is possible to examine the whole arterial tree except intracranial and coronary vessels in a single examination without the risks involved in ionizing radiation or arterial cannulation. Whole-body magnetic resonance angiography is well suited for repeated clinical examinations in patients with systemic diseases such as vasculitis or atherosclerosis and can also be used for scientific purposes. On the basis of the WBMRA overview, a possib ...
Semantic Scholar extracted view of "[Effects of a quaternary ammonium compound on dental plaque: a clinical and bacteriologic study]." by Gérard Charlet et al. ...
PURPOSE To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a decision-making rule based on the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging assessment of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS Two competing stroke prevention strategies were compared: (a) an intensive medical therapy-based management strategy versus (b) an imaging-based strategy in which the subset of patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis with IPH on MR images would undergo ...
Background/Aim. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) index is the ratio of active MMP-9 and total MMP-9 levels. It reflects the importance of MMP-9 in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods. The study included 3 groups of patients (n = 87): the group 1 – non-diabetic subjects without ACS (control); the group 2 – diabetic patients with ACS [subgroups with unstable angina pectoris (UAP), myocardial infarction (MI) or reinfarction]; and the group 3 nondiabetics patients with ACS. Total and active ...
Beta-blockers are normally contraindicated in the treatment of cardiogenic shock. A 70-year-old lady presents with an acute coronary syndrome complicated by critical cardiogenic shock. Coronary angiography shows an ulcerated nonobstructing plaque in the left anterior descending artery. She fails to improve with standard treatment with inotrope and intraaortic balloon pump. Echocardiography revealed acquired left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction and secondary mitral regurgitation. Tre ...
Plaque rupture or erosion with subsequent thrombus formation is the principal mechanism underlying the sudden onset of acute coronary syndromes. Plaque inflammation and increased oxidative stress play important roles in the pathogenesis of plaque destabilization. Macrophages, T lymphocytes, and neutrophils are the dominant types of inflammatory cells at human coronary unstable plaques, such as ruptured plaques or eroded plaques. Calcification is a common finding in human atherosclerotic lesions, ...
Calcium and inorganic phosphorus concentrations of both resting and paraffin-wax stimulated whole saliva and dental plaque were estimated in 39 young adults and 98 children aged 12-14 yr. Plaque was collected from the adults after 48 h without tooth-brushing and consumption of a standardized diet. Plaque was collected from the children without any dietary or oral hygiene restrictions. The results from the study with children provided consistent evidence for a statistically significant relationsh ...